Lighthouses of the Shetland Islands - Click on one of the lighthouses to see the details
|Bressay||1858||David L. Stevenson/
|60°07.197' N, 01°07.283' W||Fl(2) W 20s||43km/23nM||A3776||Lerwick Port Authority|
|Esha Ness||1929||David A. Stevenson/
|60°29.350' N, 01°37.680' W||Fl W 12s||46km/25nM||A3838||Northern Lighthouse Board|
|Fair Isle North||1892||David L. Stevenson/
|59°33.128' N, 01°36.571' W||Fl(2) W 30s||41.1km/22nM||A3752||Northern Lighthouse Board|
|Fair Isle South||1892||David A. Stevenson/
|59°30.833' N, 01°39.148' W||Fl(4)W 30s||41km/22nM||A3750||Northern Lighthouse Board|
|Firths Voe||1909||David A. Stevenson||60°27.224' N, 01°10.621' W||Oc WRG 8s||28km/15nM||A3812||Northern Lighthouse Board|
|Foula||1986||?||60°06.746' N, 02°03.845' W||Fl(3) W 15s||29km/18nM||A3860||Northern Lighthouse Board|
|Muckle Flugga||1858||David L. Stevenson/
|60°51.325' N, 00°53.123' W||Fl(2) W 20s||41km/22nM||A3832||Northern Lighthouse Board|
|Out Skerries||1854||David L. Stevenson/
|60°25.469' N, 00°43.683' W||Fl W 20s||33km/20nM||A3807||Northern Lighthouse Board|
|Point of Fethaland||1977||?||60°38.053' N, 01°18.689' W||Fl(3) W 15s||39km/24nM||A3817.5||Northern Lighthouse Board|
|Sumburgh Head||1821||Robert Stevenson||59°51.243' N, 01°16.476' W||Fl(3)W 30s||43km/23nM||A3766||Northern Lighthouse Board|
|Ve Skerries||1979||David A. Stevenson/
|60°22.387' N, 01°48.734' W||Fl W 20s||20km/11nM||A3847||Northern Lighthouse Board|
The Shetland Islands
Shetland(/ˈʃɛtlənd/; Scottish Gaelic: Sealtainn [ˈʃal̪ˠt̪ʰɪɲ]; Norn: Hjaltland), also called the Shetland Islands, is a subarctic archipelago of Scotland that lies northeast of the island of Great Britain and forms part of the United Kingdom.
The islands lie some 80 km (50 mi) to the northeast of Orkney and 280 km (170 mi) southeast of the Faroe Islands and form part of the division between the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the North Sea to the east. The total area is 1,466 km2 (566 mi2) and the population totalled 23,210 in 2012. The islands' administrative centre and only burgh is Lerwick. Also the capital of Shetland since 1708 taking over from Scalloway.
The largest island, known simply as "Mainland", has an area of 967 km2 (373 mi2), making it the third-largest Scottish island and the fifth-largest of the British Isles. There are an additional 15 inhabited islands. The archipelago has an oceanic climate, a complex geology, a rugged coastline and many low, rolling hills.
The early historic period was dominated by Scandinavian influences, especially Norway, and the islands did not become part of Scotland until the 15th century. When Scotland became part of the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707, trade with northern Europe decreased. Fishing has continued to be an important aspect of the economy up to the present day. The discovery of North Sea oil in the 1970s significantly boosted Shetland incomes, employment and public sector revenues.
The local way of life reflects the joint Norse and Scottish heritage including the Up Helly Aa fire festival, and a strong musical tradition, especially the traditional fiddle style. The islands have produced a variety of writers of prose and poetry, often in Shetland Scots. There are numerous areas set aside to protect the local fauna and flora, including a number of important seabird nesting sites. The Shetland pony and Shetland Sheepdog are two well-known Shetland animal breeds. Shetland also has a breed of pig.
The islands' motto, which appears on the Council's coat of arms, is Með lögum skal land byggja. This Icelandic phrase is taken from the Danish 1241 Basic Law, Codex Holmiensis, and is also mentioned in Njáls saga, and means "By law shall land be built