Lighthouses on the Orkney Islands

In Salutem Omnium
For the Safety of All
Isle of Hoy
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© Compiled by:
Bob Schrage
Update: 14-10-2023

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Brough of Birsay
Cantick Head
Helliar Holm
Hoxa Head
Hoy Sound High
Hoy Sound Low
North Ronaldsay
Noup Head
Start Point
Sule Skerry
Tor Ness

Table of Lighthouses - The Orkney Islands
Name Est Engineer Lat, Lon Character Range Admirality Authority

Auskerry 1866 David Lillie Stevenson
Thomas Stevenson
59°01.562' N, 02°34.337' W Fl W 20s 20 NM ~ 37 km A3680 Northern Lighthouse Board

Brough of Birsay 1925 David Alan Stevenson 59°08.208' N, 03°20.350' W Fl(3) W 25s 18 NM ~ 33.3 km A3700 Northern Lighthouse Board

Cantick Head 1858 David Lillie Stevenson
Thomas Stevenson
58°47.225' N, 03°07.882' W Fl W 20s 18 NM ~ 33.3 km A3602 Northern Lighthouse Board

Copinsay 1915 David Alan Stevenson 58°53.783' N, 02°40.323' W Fl(5)W 30s 14 NM ~ 25.9 km A3696 Northern Lighthouse Board

Helliar Holm 1893 David Alan Stevenson 59°01.138' N, 02°54.058' W Fl WRG 10s 14 NM ~ 25.9 km A3684 Orkney Islands Council

Hoy Sound High 1851 Alan Stevenson 58°56.140' N, 03°16.399' W Oc WR 8s 19 NM ~ 35.1 km A3644.1 Northern Lighthouse Board

Hoy Sound Low 1851 Alan Stevenson 58°56.424' N, 03°18.604' W Iso W 3s 12 NM ~ 22.2 km A3644 Northern Lighthouse Board

North Ronaldsay 1789 Thomas Smith 59°23.381' N, 02°22.882' W Fl W 10s 24 NM ~ 44.4 km A3722 Northern Lighthouse Board

Noup Head 1898 David Lillie Stevenson
Thomas Stevenson
59°19.860' N, 03°04.210' W Fl W 30s 20 NM ~ 37 km A3736 Northern Lighthouse Board

Start Point 1914 Robert Stevenson 59°16.644' N, 02°22.557' W Fl(2)W 20s 19 NM ~ 35.2 km A3718 Northern Lighthouse Board

Sule Skerry 1895 David Alan Stevenson
Charles Stevenson
59°05.083' N, 04°24.440' W Fl(4) W 15s 21 NM ~ 38.9 km A3868 Northern Lighthouse Board

Tor Ness 1980 John Smit Stevenson 58°46.695' N, 03°17.778' W Fl W 5s 17 NM ~ 31.4 km A3600 Northern Lighthouse Board

Orkney Islands

Orknet Flag
Flag of Orkney
Coat of Arms
Coat of arms

The Orkney Islands, /ˈɔːrkni/ (Scottish Gaelic: Arcaibh) also known as Orkney, are a group of islands that are part of Scotland. Orkney is located off the north coast of Great Britain, 16 kilometers north of the coast of Caithness and consists of about 70 islands, 20 of which are inhabited.

The largest island, the Mainland, has an area of 990 square km, making it the sixth largest Scottish island and the tenth largest of the British Isles. The largest settlement and administrative center is Kirkwall. The total population on the island is 22,100 (2017)

Apart from the mainland, the islands can be divided into two groups, the North and South Islands, all of which have an underlying geological base of ancient red sandstone. The climate is mild and the soils are extremely fertile, most of the land being cultivated. Agriculture is the most important sector of the Orkney economy.

A form of the name dates back to pre-Roman times and the islands have been inhabited for at least 8,500 years, originally settled by Mesolithic and Neolithic tribes and then by the Picts. Orkney was invaded and forcibly annexed by Norway in 875 and settled by the Normans.

The Scottish Parliament then reinstated the earldom to the Scottish crown in 1472, following the failed payment of a dowry for James III's bride, Margaret of Denmark.

Orkney contains some of the oldest and best preserved Neolithic sites in Europe, and the "heart of Neolithic Orkney" is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Orkney is one of Scotland's 32 council areas, a Scottish Parliament constituency, a lieutenancy area and a historic county. The local council is Orkney Islands Council, one of only three councils in Scotland with a majority of elected members who are independent.

The significant wind and marine energy resources are growing in importance, and the island generates more than its own total annual electricity demand using renewable energy sources. The locals are known as Orcadians and have a distinctive Orcadian Scottish dialect and a rich heritage of folklore.

There is an abundance of marine and bird life.

Orkney Islands- Wikipedia